Its botanical name is Curcuma longa L. and grows in arid and with some rainfall areas to develop their rhizomes, which are intended for culinary use. For Asian countries, turmeric is a common herb, and in some places has become a weed of fields.
botanical description of the plant Curcuma
Turmeric is a perennial plant that can measure between 60 cm and 150 cm. It has widened rhizomes or underground stems with several buds and grows horizontally. Of these stems or rhizomes, roots and herbaceous shoots emerge.
This plant is rich in starch and is usually consumed in the kitchen. Watch surely remember to ginger, since it has a similar shape, and its color is yellow-orange inside. The surface of turmeric may be brownish, yellowish-gray, or. The leaves have long petioles and foreign-born rhizome. These can be between 20 and 70 cm long and 8-20 cm wide, although some species may have left up to 120 cm.
Flowers originate separate way at the end of the main stem and basal shaped spikes up to 20 cm long. These have bracts green with reddish spots together laterally. The flowers of the turmeric plant are hermaphroditic, and bracteate zigomorfas while his white or yellow calyx three sepals and petals consist of three crowns that have a tubular shape.
How turmeric up?
- Vitamin C
- caffeic acid, cinnamic acid, and caprylic acid
Turmeric cultivation by seeds
Planting seeds turmeric hotbeds to 21 ° C fall within a greenhouse, or in a place where temperatures do not drop more than 15 ° C., You can also split the root while turmeric is dormant in winter. If they want to grow through rhizomes, most commonly, the plants in winter.
The Curcuma plant is originally from subtropical and tropical climates, with minimum temperatures around 15 ° C and also precise moist soil, adequately drained, and without any waterlogging. This plant grows well in sunny and partially shaded sites. Note that turmeric does not tolerate frost.
Properties of turmeric
This plant has many health benefits, including its ability stands to decrease the acidity of the stomach. Turmeric can help if you have consumed many spices spicy or fried foods, because it acts as a tonic and stimulates stomach secretions of pancreatic and gastric juice, causing digestion improves.
It is also an excellent remedy to expel intestinal gases and relieve colic, due to its high content of eugenol. This spice is ideal for those suffering from flatulence, stomach acid sluggishness, and dyspepsia. On the other hand, it eliminates gallstones, relieves arthritis, acts as an antidepressant, increases resistance, is bronchitis, regulating menstrual cycles, reduces germs, and protects the liver and heart.
It is advisable to boil a liter of water with 20 g of turmeric powder and then let stand for 12 hours. Filter with a cloth and drink several times a day.