When the winters are mild, you can sow seeds in early to mid-autumn, but when they are more stringent, they must wait for early spring.
How and when to plant beans
If winter is not too hard, you can plant seeds in autumn and harvest them in the spring, but, as I said earlier, if there are many touches of frost in winter, it is best to wait for the start of the spring to collect them at the end this season or early summer.
Beans should be planted directly in the pot or the garden. The pan should be 5 liters and 20 cm depth. Planting beans, you must leave the seeds to soak in water for 24 hours to soften. Then it makes furrows in the garden of approximately 8 cm and places the seeds.
The plant beans can grow in any soil if you apply compost but prefer clay. If Earth were too acidic, you could add a little lime. Moreover, wood ash mixed with Earth is an excellent idea to cultivate beans, since it contains the right amount of potassium. 2 meters per planting row, ideally add 100 g of ash.
Between groove and groove leaves a separation of 15 cm and a spacing of 60 cm planting. If you’re going to place the seeds of beans in the pot, prepare a mixture of compost soil and plant each seed to 6 cm deep.
Sun, watering, and harvesting
Beans need the sun to grow, but not excessively, so they prefer to have some shade during the day. It also does not tolerate excessive heat, and its ideal temperature is between 20 ° C. As for irrigation, watering enough to just two or three times a week. Moreover, when the tip of the plant the desired size, you must cut to consume. Pod beans can be eaten, but it is crucial that you take out the beans or seeds. If you’re going to let dry the pods, you can withdraw the dried beans and store them for consumption in winter.
One of the most common parasitic causes crops of seeds is the aphid, which must fight immediately. In the case of aphids or black flies are at the apex of the plant, you must cut and ready.
Moreover, mildew may also be present. This is a fungus associated with excess moisture and irrigation. To prevent it from appearing, you should water only when the soil begins to dry. Thus, you avoid waterlogging. Another tip is to water the soil directly and not make the mistake of watering from above completely covering the plant.
- Bean plants do not require carriers to grow, but if there is a too windy place, you need some.
- It is advisable to plant beans in soils where previously were cultivated cabbages, beans, and potatoes.
- Eliminates the garden of weeds.
- It does not get along with crops of garlic and peas. Keep this in mind when planting beans in your garden or planter!