The pioneers in cultivating this nutritious, tasty, and low – calorie vegetables were Arabs. Currently, the world’s leading producers of zucchini are North America, Italy, Holland, and Spain. Its culinary use is extensive, omelet, tempura, grilled, stuffed, and so on. Therefore, why not plant courgettes in your garden at home?
Plantar courgettes are easy because only what you need is warm weather to germinate. You can sow zucchini in your garden at home directly into the ground, placing two or three seeds per hole zucchini, 2 cm deep.
Seeds are sown together from March to September to germinate easily break the crust of soil. When put, cover with 4 cm of soil. Once produced, the germination, seedling leaves grow hole, choosing the strongest and discarding others.
Zucchini adapts to any soil but prefers those that are deep and have good drainage. Furthermore, straight fertilizers are the most used. They are soluble or liquid.
As for irrigation, if you’re growing zucchini in your garden, you must know that this plant needs moisture, so you should water it frequently when the first fruits begin to appear. However, early sowing is not advisable to overdo the water because the waterlogging is harmful to the proper development of the plant.
When you do the transplant, make a deep watering to take root well and do not water the plant again until the leaves look “listless”; there you will have to make a deep watering again. Repeat these steps until it begins to grow the flower. From that moment, you must keep the soil moist, but not drown.
Pruning and harvesting
In the zucchini, you must eliminate the side shoots as soon as possible. If I garden at home has given a great welcome to zucchini, the harvest must be made 40 days after planting and continue according to the growth of the plant for another 40 days. Courgettes collected daily or every other day.
Pests and diseases affecting the zucchini
Whitefly: this insect causes yellowing of the plant and its weakening. The best way to combat this plague is growing aromatic plants that repel as, for example, basil.
Red spider: This bug affects the zucchini plant during its first phase of development, so you should keep an eye on in this instance.
Aphids: These form colonies and distributed foci spread in spring and summer.
It can also be attacked by mildew, caterpillars, oidium, and gray and white rots. Remember that if you plant zucchini with a nasturtium, this will help ward off aphids and whiteflies and also improve the taste of this vegetable.
- Zucchini plant in a sunny place to develop well
- Furthermore, most development occurs when the temperatures remain between 25 and 35 ° C.
- Removes weeds and crop residues to avoid pests and diseases.
- When zucchini flowers fulfill their function, they will emerge alone, so you must remove them as soon as possible, so they do not rot and form diseases.